The movement was supported mainly by women who were the most effected by the drinking of their husbands. Temperance associations were established in New York and Massachusetts with the help of churches.
As their political power grew, they changed from moral persuasion to making the government to control liquor. In fact, they succeeded in getting many liquor laws passed with help from churches and factories who saw poor productivity from drunken workers.
Some distinguished figures are Susan B Anthony, Frances e. Willard, and Carry Nation. Some effects that remained permanent are government regulation, instruction on alcoholism in schools, study of alcoholism. The rehabilitation movement helped to improve the lives of the destitute.
Group leaders wanted to create institutions for specific illnesses. In colonial times, orphans mentally challenged people, and criminals were cared by their own families and remained part of the community.
Reformers wanted these people placed in specialized institutions where they could be trained or improved. Prison reforms included rehabilitation of criminals attempted to counter the tendency of prisons to create more hardened criminals. Work was seen as way to reform criminals. Hence, asylums, orphanages, prisons, and reformatories were developed.
However, the earlier places had inhumane living conditions. Although the initial impetus of the first Great Awakening would subside The Second Great Awakening has typically been identified first as a Christian evangelical movement but it also had an impact on al An elderly pianist, Mademoiselles music arouses Ednas artistic temperament. Additionally, Edna becomes infatuated with a young man Luther states overtly th The Marshalls laid the ground work in ministry, especially when it came to the Native Americans.
In , a woman by the name of Margret Meuse Clay was among many Baptists arrested and put on trial for unlicensed preaching. While the men were whipped for their guilt, Margret was pardoned when an unknown man paid her fine.
They originated in Charleston, SC, and they were among the social elite. They believed in orderly worship and educated ministry. Both groups believed in experiencing conversion, but their views differed on acceptance. The Separate Baptist believed in enthusiastic outburst, while the Regular Baptist believed this to be confusing, and God disapproved on confusion. The Baptist continued to grow and expand out West where they participated in many revivals growing churches out of mass conversions.
Fathers of the Great Awakening. The Great Awakening introduced many evangelists to the scene but it was Theodorus Frelinghuysen, who is credited with starting the Great Awakening. He grabbed the reins and ran, assuming the lead role in the middle colonies.
Frelinghuysen was born in and was the son of a Dutch reformed pastor. He is credited with beginning new congregations in the American colony of New Jersey, and by the mids, his congregation grew to be the second largest next to the Presbyterian Church. He was a firm believer in institutionalizing school systems, largely for the illiterate and the frontier families. He was an early advocate of reform within the church, and when he delivered his first sermon in America, he upset a few of his parishioners and a petition was signed seeking his removal from the church.
Frelinghuysen stood up to the charges and defeated them. He continued to inspire the religious awakening within the church causing the Great Awakening to explode. Frelinghuysen preached on the basis of emotional experience and a conversion of personal faith.
It is not known when Frelinghuysen passed away, but as for the Great Awakening, he is credited for being the instrument of faith that led other reformers in establishing themselves as great evangelists. He preached on religious conversion based on personal experiences. Tennent, after receiving advice from Frelinghuysen on how conversion saves the soul, made evangelism the centerpiece of his ministry.
In , Tennent met and began traveling with George Whitefield, and they set off on a preaching tour of New England. By the end of , Tennent and Whitefield parted ways but Tennent continued his one-man crusade preaching throughout New Jersey and Maryland. By the s, Tennent acquired the reputation as being a powerful preacher.
Whitefield contacted Tennent again in the late s, and asked him to preach in front of his congregation. Tennent was often ridiculed by church officials, and he gladly responded to them by comparing them to Scribes and Pharisees of the New Testament. Tennent died in , as pastor of the 2nd Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia.
Jonathan Edwards was one of the most influential evangelists of the early colonial times, his fiery sermons of the s and ; still have remarkable influence on the evangelist of today. Edwards was born into a deeply religious family in the year , and his family background is one of great importance. His grandfather, Solomon Stoddard, was a stern fire-and-brimstone type evangelist. In , Stoddard founded a congregation that was eager to listen to his words and moved the church into a different direction.
Solomon Stoddard had a great influence on his grandson that would last his entire life. This concern allowed him to seek solitude where he prayed and meditated and sought the company of other boys who had the same likeness he had.
In , at the age of thirteen, his interest, for religion grew, and he was accepted to the Collegiate College of Connecticut. His classes were very challenging, but in he graduated. The following years were very troubling for Edwards, and he began keeping a diary of his everyday life. In , he made a notation describing his feeling toward his walk with God.
He felt he was not living as a born-again Christian, and decided to rededicate his life to God. In , Solomon Stoddard passed away, and Edwards inherited his congregation, but the church had strong ties with Stoddard, and Edwards found himself in a spiritually declining church. He decided to redirect the spiritual interest of the church, and found himself criticizing his grandfather, which led to his removal.
By the s, Edwards career was in full swing. In a sermon describing eternal damnation, many people contemplated suicide rather than facing their own sin.
Edwards began hearing about the teachings of George Whitefield, and in invited him to North Hampton. When Whitefield met Edwards, he described him as weak in the body but spiritually sound. Edwards saw intense conversions from people, who used to struggle with the Spirit of God, but through their faith found peace with God.
Though he was met with numerous attacks, he succeeded in his duties, and the Indian School stabilized under his leadership. During the final years of the s, Edwards began focusing on the doctrine of original sin, which his views caused great discernment with fellow New England clergymen.
Jonathan Edwards died on March 22, , following a vaccination for small pox. George Whitefield George Whitefield was a charismatic preacher, who began touring the American colonies in His sermons attracted huge crowds, leaving no space for people to sit down. He was the founder of the emotional revival tradition that changed the course of the religious history in the United States. George Whitefield was born in Gloucester, England in the year , and by the time he graduated college he was ordained a deacon with the Church of England.
After a year-long absence, he returned to England and was ordained a priest, which would give him more prestige when he returned to Georgia. Trouble began for Whitefield when the Bishop of England, Edmund Gibson, began criticizing him for his beliefs in Divine Guidance and his judgment of others.
The awakening gave America a sense of shared identity. During the great awakening everyone came together due to religion and to convert. Even Indians were involved with Americans religion because of missionaries. All people no matter what race, sat in the same church listening to .
Great Awakening Essay The Great Awakening was the first real social movement to sweep across the thirteen British colonies. Characterized by religious fervor and passionate affirmations of faith, the Great Awakening changed the concept and structure of religion in the colonies, which produced long-.
The Great Awakening Dbq. Essay Question: What were the causes of the Great Awakening and to what extent did this intense religious revival affect those who experienced ¡°conversion¡± as well as those who did not? During Europe¡¯s period of Enlightment from , new scientific theories and ideas were proposed, changing the nature of how the world was looked at and questioned the very fundamentals . The Great Awakening was a time in the mid’s in which certain social events allowed for a change in some religious practices. The occurrence of this event allowed for the separations of different types of Christianity, new forms of preaching, and changes in the structure of worship/5(1).
The Second Great Awakening Essay Words | 3 Pages. In the 's, 's, and beyond, There is a Second Great Awakening. The Second Great Awakening had a decided impact on American society. In the following I will describe what the Great Awakening was and how it changed life in America. In essence, the Great Awakening was a religious awakening. - THE GREAT GATSBY, AWAKENING FROM THE AMERICAN DREAM THE IDEA OF EAST AND WEST AND CLASS DISTINCTION T he first point that Fitzgerald’s masterpiece, “The Great Gatsby” opens with is the definition of the two islands which Nick Carraway utters.