In the book Child Labor: In my experience, I started working at a Baskin Robbins ice cream shop when I was I recall having to obtain a special workers permit in order to legally work.
As I shared with the class, I remember there being a section for farm work, which I assumed to be for kids whose parents owned a farm. Not having thought of that form since I was 14, seeing the adolescents working on the farm in the movie reminded me of that time.
Pieris also mentions that child labor generally refers to adolescents in the United States. She also offers these statistics: The movie depicted adolescent employment being on a farm. The book includes farming as well as other forms of labor drug dealing and modeling.
A problem in the United States concerning agricultural child labor is highlighted in the book. First of all the following are the rules found on page Minors of any age may hold jobs on farms owned or operated by their parents.
Children 14 and 15 may work at any nonhazardous farm job outside of school hours 3. Children age 12 and 13 may work at nonhazaredous jobs outside of school hours at the same farm as their parents, or be employed elsewhere with written parental consent.
Children under age 12 maybe employed by a parent or with consent on a farm not covered by minimum wage stipulations. Children ages 10 and 11 may work as hand-harvesting workers for no more than 8 weeks in a given calendar year, and must be subject to a waiver from the Department of Labor. Children age 16 and older may work at any job, hazardous or otherwise with no hourly restrictions.
This was shown in the movie. At the age of 16, the government seems to forget about education. This also happens with nonagricultural jobs as well.
What is it about the age of 16 that makes the government step back and allows children to possibly miss out on an education? By looking at this policy a little closer, one may interpret that the policy is for the family farm and not the immigrant family as was shown in the movie. I am a firm believer that being able to obtain a high school education should not be made difficult because of work.
I can not imagine what it is like to have the drive to work to help support your family. The program that the movie highlighted, that provided a stipend while working towards a GED seems to be an awesome solution for the families that need the extra hand. The students appeared to be happy to be finishing school, and to be helping their families. Hopefully more programs like that will come around. The article that discussed children in street situations was very interesting and it raised many questions for me.
First I agree with the articles using children in street situations as opposed to street children. This categorical label immediately creates an idea and bounds these kids' stories by some type of ideology mostly that frames them in a negative light. I think it takes away the sensitive issues related to their situation. I wanted to also discuss the most prevalent reason in the literature that many children live in the street. The assumption is that economic reasons force them into a migratory, street existence.
This is very important to highlight — multifaceted explanation. The authors here link a familial breakdown as a more important factor in determining if children will become street dwellers. I think this assumption is rather immature also. You mean to tell me that children will leave one poor environment and go into an even poorer environment! It doesn't make sense.
But I will come back to this because I think this is still an important issue — more important than what the authors suggest. The authors focus on the failure to address household issues the push children to the street — sexual abuse, violence, neglect, etc.
I would further look into why these families are in these situations. I kept thinking about the flawed ideology in our country when addressing poverty. We take on an approach that if we reduce welfare we will reduce poverty. However, we fail to address the institutional and structural reasons behind people impoverished conditions.
In addition to that, they face many problems which may cause permanent damage to their childhood. Children usually work to contribute and provide financial support to their families. This paper illustrates how both India and Nigeria have adopted laws and regulations to eliminate child labour. The results from this study explain the reasons which forces children to work, poverty. This paper also draws conclusion that governments, societies, and communities should cooperate in a better way with each other to decrease child labour.
Possible and innovate solutions and suggestions are arose at the end of this paper. For many years, child labour has been one of the biggest obstacles to social development. It is a challenge and long-term goal in many countries to abolish all forms of child labour. Especially in developing countries, it is considered as a serious issue these days. Child labour refers to children who miss their childhood and are not able to have the basic amenities which a child should have.
Recently the International Labour Organization ILO, estimated there are around million children between the ages five to fourteen who works worldwide. They are often mistreated and work for prolonged hours, in very bad conditions. This can affect their health physically, mentally and emotionally. These children do not have the basic rights like access to school or health care.
According to ILO the largest numbers of child labourers are working in hazardous work and the total number of child workers is increasing, even though it is forbidden by law. These children are vulnerable to diseases and they struggle with long-term physical and psychological pain.
The main cause that induces children to work is poverty. These children work for their survival and their families. Some studies like Dessy and Pallage argue not all the work that children do is harmful or brutal.
Some work may provide successful learning opportunities, such as babysitting or newspaper delivery jobs, but not if the work exposes them to psychological stress, like human trafficking, prostitution and pornographic activities.
The international organizations have made great efforts to eliminate child labour across the world. Many countries have adopted legislation to prohibit child labour; nonetheless child labour is widespread throughout the world.
It is not easy task for low income countries to achieve banning child labour. Several studies and international organizations considered that education is the key strategy in addressing child labour, and it can help children to stay away from work.
However not every family can afford to send their children to school or, even if they enrolled, afford to keep them attending the school. Child labour is a serious problem and a challenge for many developing countries.
Many countries have enacted various laws and have taken serious initiatives to eradicate child labour, but still the problem is very widespread throughout the world. This paper critically examined child labour in India and Nigeria and how both governments undertake various programs to eradicate child labour through different organizations and agencies.
In addition to understanding and investigating different reasons behind the plague of child labour that has engulfed throughout the world and a brief review on how child labour has so far been studied. This research work addresses a question:. What are the current patterns in child labour in India and Nigeria now?
What kind of policies are adopted to address child labour in India and Nigeria? How does policies adopted relate to previously identified causes? This study it has been based on a comparative case study between two countries. The comparative method is going to give the researchers practical tools for analysis and research.
This approach allows the researcher to understand when two or more cases are set against one another Bryman , p. In order to answer research question secondary data is collected through literature material researched from academic books, articles, and news and research reports on child labour, poverty education and public health of child labour.
The literature review is mostly based on research papers of different scholars and reports provided by UNICEF, ILO and World Bank in terms of international labour standards and human rights conventions.
This paper attempts to provide with realistic overview of the child labour situation. Peer reviewed online resources and academic articles written by different scholars, were used in this paper to determine the existing child labour policies. Since child labour is an extremely complex phenomenon, this study is limited to examining the nature and extent of child labour aged between five and fourteen years old.
The largest number of working children between the ages of five and fourteen involved in economic activities worldwide. The study focuses on the fight against child labour, and the importance of legislation for working children.
While, Nigeria has the highest the incidence of child labourers in Africa. This study is divided into four chapters. Chapter One provides the background of the problem, the purpose of the research question, methodology, delimitations and outline.
Chapter Two explores the situation of child labour in India and Nigeria and then explains the problems of enforcing child labour regulations. Chapter Three gives an overview and definition of child labour- , rural and urban, the differences between boys and girls engaged in economic activity, the link between child labour and poverty, various factors involved in child labour. After a description of the International Legal frameworks of ILO and UNICEF and also describes some of the major international and regional organizations, governments and the work they have done to fight against child labour.
Chapter Four presents the theoretical framework which gives outline of the causes behind child labour,the child labour problems in relation to primary schooling and the reasons which makes children drop out of school or not go to school. Chapter Five, the results of the study is reported. In Chapter six presents the conclusion.
The incidence of child labour is most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa followed by Asia and the Pacific. The prevalence of child labour is very high in sub-Saharan Africa especially in Nigeria. Parents consider that the work help children learn new skills, however these children are exposed to hazards and to physical factors. Both countries were colonized by British.
Oct 27, · Stop child labor at its source: reduce poverty, improve access to education, and end gendered oppression. Stop child labor through social action: call attention to companies and countries that exploit children, boycott companies that use child labor, and support legislation that deters the Author: Lindsay Jenkelunas.
Child Labor. Child labor (alternate spelling: child labour) refers to the employment of children by commercial and business enterprises in ways that are detrimental or exploitative to the overall growth of the child. Child labor has been an international concern. When children are engaged as laborers, they are deprived of normal childhood.
Essay: Child labour Cheap labour is a disturbingly serious global problem. It happens to be one of the biggest issues in the world, but hardly receives the rightful concern and attention it deserves. Child Labor Essay Writing Sample. Child labor is a situation where young children are employed to work on firms, homes, hotels, and firms. The practice is common in developing countries but is limited in developed nations where it is considered to be illegal and a violation of human rights.
% FREE Papers on Child labour essay. Sample topics, paragraph introduction help, research & more. Class , high school & college. -. Keywords: child labour, poverty, education, India, Nigeria, governments, International labour organizations. 1 Introduction. For many years, child labour has been one of the biggest obstacles to social development. It is a challenge and long-term goal in .